Athmallick Princely State

AthamallickDynasty : Kadamba Vamsha
Emblem : Kadamba Flower ( Nuclea Orientalis)
Area : 711 sq miles
State status : 1894 Sanand
No. of Salute : 19 gun Salute

Longitude : 20 degree 37 and 21degree 5 inch North and
Latitude : 84 degree 16’ and 84 degree 48’
State Boundary : North by Rairakhol, East by Angul, South by Mahanadi West by Sonepur and Rairakhol state. Mahanadi divides the state from Boudh.
Present Status : Sub division under Angul District
Distance from Bhubaneswar: 145 Km ( approx)

Athmallick History


Athamallick was a Zamindari under the statehood of Boudha in the early days of British ruling.  Both belonged to the South west frontier Agency and transferred to the Odisha Division in 1837.

Present family referring to some local literatures claimed that the 37th successor named Raja Laxmidhar Deo Samant has stopped the importance of Boudh on him and claimed himself as an independent ruler. The commissioner of British East India Company named Mr. Robbert has supported the Raja of Athamallick and granted it as a princely state under East India Company with a condition to pay a tribute of Rs.480 annually and other terms and conditions in the Sanand. So it may be said that Athamallick’s independent existence came to force in between 1785 to 1802. But The Sanad of 1874 issued by the British India mentioned the ruler Raja Jogindra deo samant as the Zamindar of Athamallick under the state of Boudha. And the Raja of Boudha is treated as the Raja of both Boudha and Athamallick.

Raja Jogindra Deo Samant was the 39th ruler of this dynasty and a dynamic one. He has established the first primary school in English education pattern I 1871. An Ayurvedic Hospital, Police station, Inspection Bunglow for the British officers were built during his period.


Raja Jogindra was succeeded by his son Maharaja Mahindra Deo Samant in 1877. He was a very benevolent ruler and believed in public welfare. During the femine 1889 he served food and shelter to number of people and smoothly conducted the rehabilitation work. The British people were influenced on his work and offered Maharaja Title for his distinguished effort. On 11th Jan 1980 he was bestowed with this title. He has also patronized Odia poets and writers by inviting them to his state and helping in publication. Kabibar Radhanath Roy has visited Athamallick and elaborated the beauty of Athamallick in his poetry Mahajatya. He has dedicated his work Tulasi Stabaka to Maharaja Mahendra Deo. The king kas also helped Professor Jogesh Chandra Rai to print Pathanisamat’s astrology based book. He has also concentrated on the growth of public infrastructure and education.

Maharaja Mahindra has influenced the British establishment and achieved special status for his state. In the 1894 Sanand the British Empire has treated Athamallick as a Princely state by bifurcating it from Boudh.

Raja Bibhudhendra deo Samant ascended the throne in 1902 and continued till death on 1918. During this period a border dispute with Rairakhol was settled. He has married two wives. First the princess of Patna State  Asha Devi, and 2ndly to princess of Tarala Zamindari now in Andhrapradesh. Asha devi died during the time of delivering thirh child Kishore Chandra she died. Her other two children were Baidyanath Deo and Purnamasi Devi.  The 2nd Rani has 4 children namely:

  • Satyabati Devi, married to Narayan Prasad Deo Raja of Boudh
  • Suryamani Deo, born on 14th may 1908 and ascended the Gadi in later
  • Rudra Narayan Deo,  Born in 1911 and
  • Ghana Kuntala Devi, Married to Zamindar of Parikud in 1931

Raja Bibhudendra’s elder son Baidyanath died in 1917 while studying at Ravenshaw College Cuttack. Raja also died by getting this sad news during reign.

The second son minor Raja Kishorechandra Deo ascended the throne in 1918 but he was not conferred ruling power as per the British law. He got the Sanand in 1925. During this 7 years period British political Agent Cobdain Ramsay was in charge of the state’s administration. This British administrator has done great jobs in this state by connecting the state to Cuttack on good roads. He has played a vital role in establishing modern infrastructure for state administration. Roads from Athmallick to Boinda, Kaintaragarh to kaikata, Binkei wer made, The police Bandha, Badabandha were dug for solving water issues. Permanent buildings for Court, policestation Hospital were made. Maheswari temple was renovated and some official quarters were also made during thjis period which were still serving as state property at Athamalick.

Kishore Chandra granted with ruling Power on 24th December 1925. He was pioneer in development and remembered for his pro people activities. He has focused on agriculture and horticulture, established Raja Mahendra Highschool, built Jagannath temple at Kaintaragarh, Deolijhar Siddheswar was renovated, Established Kadamba Press for publication and many more. He has divided the state into 4 Praganasand two subdivisions namely Athamallick Sadar and Kishorenagar.

Though he has married to four Ranis but was issueless. The name of the Ranis were:

  • Prioncess of Keonjhar i.e., daughter of Gopinath Narayan Bhanjadeo.
  • Rani Sumanta Manjari, daughter of Lalsaheb of Mayurbhanj Harish Chandra Bhanjadeo .
  • Rani Khirod Kumari Devi, Daughter of Rajaof Tikali now in AP.
  •  Rani Umnani Devi, daughter of raja of Maheshpur Raj family.

Rani Simanta Manjari and Rani Khirod kumara have adoptive issues. They enjoy the share on the Royal property legally.

Raja Kishore Chandra Deo was the last Ruling king of Athamallick and signed the merger agreement with Indian Union. He has been elected to the Odisha legislative Assembly in 1954 and he died suddenly on 22th june 1958. After his death his brother Surajmani Deo Samant ascended the throne to keep the tradition but did not moved to the Original king’s palace. As Kishore Chandra has constructed a new palace for his brother he lived there after his marriage. Now the King’s palace is in a deteriorated condition and needs attention of the public and administration for its renovation to protect the witness of Athamalick state from destruction. The part of the Queen’s palace dedicated to Rani Sumanta Manjari Devi is being maintained by Rani Manojamanjari devi adopted daughter of her but needs immediate attention.

Surajmani Deo Samant has married to Rani Radhamanjari Devi of Sanakhemundi and had two sons and two daughters. Pradip Chandra Deo Samant has ascended the ornamental throne as the 6th raja of this line and 44th heir of the Kadamba Dynasty. He is the Ex officio life member of the Rajkumar College, Raipur and a gentleman. His daughter has married to raja Saheb Baramba and Son Paresh kumar Deo is the 45th heir of this dynasty.

Titles and recognition
In 1874 raja Jogendra Deo Samant was recognised and titled as the Raja of Athamallick by the British in the Sanand. So he is the first Raja according to the British History and recognition.
11th Jan 1890: Ram Mahendra Deo Samanta was conferred with the Title of Maharaja for his personal distinction.

Royals Family



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