Princely state of BARAMBA

PuriDynasty: Chandra Banshi
Emblem: dog metamorphosed into a lion, a heraldic monster.
Area: 142 sq miles
Villages: 181
State status: 1894 Sanand
Population- 46688 (1937)
Annual tribute to British: Rs. 1398

Longitude: 20 degree 21 and 20degree 31 inch North and
Latitude: 85 degree 12’ and 85 degree 31’
State Boundary: Northby Hindol state, on the east by Tgiria state, South by Cuttack district and Khandapara state and on the west by Narasinghapur state.
Present Status: Sub division under Cuttack District
Distance from Bhubaneswar: 83 Km ( approx)



Presently Badamba is small town of Cuttack district in Odisha with high potentiality of tourism and culture.  It bears the marvelous infrastructures of the then princely state of Baramba. The Police station, the Hospital, Schools, play ground, Tehshil office and many more explain the glorious stories of the formation of Baramba state and the establishment of Rajput regime on the bank of Mahanadi river just three kilometers away from the present Palace.
Not less than 700 years before, the family story alleged that one Hattakeswar Raut, a Chandra Banshi  Kshatriya wrestler from Singhbhum, renowned for his valour before the Keshari Narasingha Deba of Odisha was offered with two villages namely, Sankha and Mahuri on the bank of River Mahanadi. Those villages were being ruled by traditional Kandha chieftains. Hatakakeswar and Mallakesar drove them out and settled down in 1305 AD as the Raja of that region. He extended his territory to 8 square miles from 2 square miles at the time of inception. He ruled for 22 years and died in 1327.
After his death Malakeswar, his younger brother occupied the gaadi or throne and ruled for at least18 years. He had extended the limit of the state to Ogalpur, three miles west and five miles south west of present Baramba. He found Goddess Brihadamba there and named the state in her name as Badamba. He made Badapokhari fort, settled villages like Deuli gaon, Champei dwar, Durgaour etc. His son Durgeswar Rout occupied the Gaadi after him in 1345 and ruled there for 41 years. He was a famous for his bravery and warfare. In Kharodgarh he had defeated Raja Sumaneswar and occupied it.
Jambeswar Raut occupied the throne of Baramba in 1375. He raged war against Tigiria and brought their state idol Lord Jagannath, started worshipping in his own state as Tritiya Deba. His son Bholeswar Raut served as the Raja of Baramba for 43 years from 1416 to 1459. He conquered Amaita and Narasinghpur and settled Amaita Garh and Suna muhi village. The state was extended to Ratapat, eight miles west of head quarter in his period. It is still considered as the boundary between Narasinghapur and Baramba.

PuriKanhu Raut, the sixth Raja had extended the boundary to Mahulia and added Mahulia, Ujalang, Dhira Patna, Kilikiya and Nua patna to his territory in his 55 years of ruling. He fortified Ratapata by establishing Garh and Garhakhai to support Gajapati Maharaja. Being impressed upon his loyalty  Gajapati maharaja permitted him to use Chhatri, Trasha, Jhalar, and Pankha as adornment to his dignity of procession. After him Madhab Raut occupied the Gaadi in 1514 and ruled here for 23 years. Khandapara, Banki, Narasinghpur and tigiria was conquered by him. Nabin Raut the son of Madhab became Raja of Baramba from 1537-1560. He got the title of Samanta Singhara from Puri Gajapati. During the period of Bajradhar Rout Son of Nabeen Rout from 1560 to 1584, the state made more fortified by digging trenches and erecting strong Boundaries with Gate. He started Rathyatra celebration at Jagannath temple of his state.  he got the title of Mangaraj from raja Ramachandra Deba of Puri.

Raja Chandra Birabar Mangaraj, Narayan Mangaraj, Krushna chandra Mangaraj, Gopinath Mangaraj, Balabhadra Mangaraj have occupied the throne of Baramba in due course and in principle. The 14th ruler Balabhadra Mangaraj helped Gajapati Maharaja at Puri for his Banki expedition to get Rani Sukadei. It is alleged that Gajapati Gopinath Deba was attracted to the beauty Rani Sukadei and fall in love with her. He raged war against Banki to get her. In this war  Banki Raja was killed with the help of other supporting rulers. But failed to accomplish the mission as the Gajapati was made captive by Rani. After an agreement to return the portion occupied by Gajapati he was released.

The 15th ruler Fakira Chandra Birabara Mangaraj got Mahapatra title from Gajapati Maharaja. He was issueless so adopted Padmanabh. After installation Padmanabh Biarabara Mangaraj Mahapatra ruled Baramba for 48 years. He was a very weak ruler. So Khandapara attacked this state and occupied the throne for at least 13 months. His son Pindika Birabara Mangaraj Mahapatra had also acted as the chief of Baramba for 48 years. During his period Odisha was handed over to Marhattas. The Rajas of Baramba then concentrated on the cultural and religious growth of the state by paying certain fixed peskas. Raja Gopinath, Dasarathi, Biswambhar and Narayanchandra Birabara Mangaraj Mahapatra were the names still remembered when people discuss the story of Baramba royal history. As per the direction of the Govt of India the state emerged with independent India with certain specified terms and conditions in 1948.
Raja Narayan Chandra Birabara Mangaraj Mahapatra
He was the 22nd chief of Baramba and last recognised Ruler of Baramba Princely state under British administration. In 1922, after finishing his education at Rajkumar College, raipur and Ewing Christian College, Allahabad and practical training as honorary assistant Magistrate and Assistant Commissioner at Sambalpur he was formally installed on the Gaadi on 16th January 1935. He married the eldest princess of Dayanidhi Devand granddaughter of Sir Basudev Sudhal Dev, the Raja of Bamra in 24th may 1934. He made steps to carry forward his state in the sector of education and welfare. So established schools as per the English education Policy and also look after the Sanskrit & vernacular language schools. The primary education was imparted completely free of cost. Preparation of Opium, liquor was strictly prohibited in Baramba. medical help was free from two dispensaries. Those dispensaries and now made hospitals after merger.

He built a Police station in 1939, and appointed Gajapati Narayan Deo of Parlakhemundi as the Chief Police officer. Too promote Football he formed "Raja Biswambhar Club Football eleven" and own the best team title in Odisha for 1940 and 1950. Some seals, medals and Photographs are still available at the present residence of Baramba. During the World war-II, state of Baramba rendered valuable services in sending men to Messopotamia. funded the World War by buying British Bonds. 

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