Nilgiri Princely State

nilgiriDynasty: Naga Vamshi
Emblem: Lion, Cobra and Karala flower
Area: 278 sq miles
villages: 466
State status: 1894 Sanand
No. of Salute: --

Longitude: 21 degree 17 and 21degree 37 inch North and
Latitude: 86 degree 25’ and 86 degree 50’
State Boundary: North and west by Mayurbhanj, East and south by Balasore,
Present Status: Sub division under Balasore District
Distance from Bhubaneswar: 130 Km ( approx)


The "beginning of the end of Royal administration" in India started from the princely state of Nilgiri. This state was geared up with the issues of tribal agitation, Communist demonstration and Prajamandal negotiations. The ruler Kishorechandra Mardaraj was very much upset in connection with these issues and discussed several times with the Union Govt, British Officials and the state leaders. Even the federation of the feudatory states were also started putting their nose to clear those issues because they have foreseen those conditions in their states also.

Dr Harekrushna Mahatab the then Prime minister of Odisha has believed that, the time is very precious for the integration of India. As it is difficult to administer a state with the existence of many autonomous entities.

After August 15, i.e., the transfer of Power from the British Parliament India was eager to solve the issue under the leadership of Sardar Patel.  At the same time Dr Mahtab started experimenting merger from Nilgiri. On November 14, 1947, The Dr. Mahtab ordered the then Police IG Peirmen to arrange necessary forces to mach against Nilgiri. At that time the police force of Eastern States Federation was there to protect the King from the tribal and Communist attack as a buffer. Peirmen was keen on their skill and military power. Even he was told by the PM before 7 days to be very ardent and  make the event   successful. The force of the opposition was successfully managed. Even a single bullet was not fired. The tribal leaders along with the communist prajamandal leaders also welcomed Odisha police and finally they entered into the palace. The ruler then handover the administrative power to the Collector of Balasore and became example for the other states.  But the state was not abolished totally. The Collector acted as the Dewan of the Ruler. On December 14, 1947 at 10.00 am in the morning in Cuttack the Ruler along with the rulers of Athgarh, Baramba, Daspalla, Hindol, Khandapara, Kharswan, Narsinghapur, Pallahara, Rairakhol, Ranpur and Talcher along with Nilgiri met Sardar Patel and other officials. They were given the merger agreement papers and in the evening they finally signed on the agreement and allowed their states to merge with the Union of India for a healthy democracy.  The state was annexed to India on 1st January 1948 along with other princely states of Odisha in principle.

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