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Puri Estate

PuriDynasty: Ganga Vanshi
Emblem:  Chhati and two elephants 
Area: 1528sq miles
Town-1
Villages-1889
Maharaja title: 1817
Ascended: 1956

Location:
Longitude: 19 degree 28 and 20degree 26 inch North and
Latitude: 84 degree 56’ and 86 degree 25’
District Boundary: North and North East by Cuttack,  South East and South by Bay of Bengal, West District of Ganjam, North West Nayagarh, Khandapara, & Ranapur*
Present Status: District HQ of Puri District
Distance from Bhubaneswar: 67 Km ( approx) on NH 316


Khurda Raj

Puri

One Ramachandra Deba built his forte near the Barunei hill  of Khurda and the started the Khurda Raj. He was the son of Janarddan Bidyadhar and belonged to Bhoi dynasty.  At Cuttack Janarddan allias Janai Bidyadhar was  known as a patriot and influential Minister under the Surya Banshi Gajapatis. But  Gobinda Bidyadhar, Chakra Pratap, Kukunda Deba kept him away in the south  to save the territory from the attack of Golkonda Sultan. After the fall of Mukunda at Cuttack Ramachandr established his capital at Gotami and then shifted to Khurda after 3 years.  He brought back the Brahmas from Kujanga Garh and re installed him on the abode of Srimandir.

After Ramachandra Deba, his son Purusottam Deba ruled here from 1607 to 1622, then Narasingha Deba ruled from, 1622 to 1647, Maharaja Mukunda Deba-I from 1659 to 1688, Dibyasingha Deba-I from 1688 to 1714, Harekrushna Deba from 1714 to 1719, Gopinath Deba from 1719-1726, brother of Gopinath Deba, Keshab Rai renamed as Ramachandra Deba-II from  1727 to 1737, Raja of Patia Padmanabh Deba  being installed as the raja of Khurda from 1736 to 1739 and Birkishore Deba from 1739 to 1793 ruled Odisha under the Afghan and Mughal empire.

During Birkishore Deba, Maratha  acquired Odisha. At least 10 Maratha Governors came to Odisha and ruled as Subedars. Among them the most energetic was Seobhat Samantra. He was appointed here in 1756. Then Chemna Sahu and Udaypuri Goswami ruled Odisha in 1764.  After Udaypuri Goswami,  Subedar  Bhabani Pandit, Sambhuji Ganesa, Babaji Nayak, Madhori Hari, Rajaram Pandit, Sadasiv Rao, Inkaji Sukdeo Balaji konji are the names of the Governors who had ruled Odisha during Maratha rule .

Under these Subedars,  Rajas of Khurda acted just like puppets and subordinates. They only acted like a Karada Raja and furnish the duties according to Shrimandir rituals as manager.

Dibyasingha Deba-II( 1753 to 1798), Mukunda Deba-II ( 1797 to 1817) were two Gajapatis at the time of this maratha rule. During the later's period English took the administration of Odisha and also Puri with a treaty with the maratha Bhonslas. The Odia Paikas under the guidance of brave Jaikrishna Rajguru fought against the British. Feudatory chiefs of Kanika and Kujang also helped him. To suppress the movement, the English colonel Harcort arrested the Raja of Khurda Mukunda Deva-II and put him under detention. Mukunda Deba died there as a prisoner.

To manage the rituals of Shrimandir, British rulers appointed Mukunda Deba's son Ramachandra Deba-III and confined him to stay at Puri only.  After him Birakishore Deba-II  1856-1860), Dibyasingha Deba -III ( 1860-1878), Mukunda Deba-III from 1878-1926, Ramachandra Deba-IV ruled from 1926-1956.

After the sudden demise of Birakishore Deba-II,  Rani Suryamani Pattamahadei was entrusted to look after the management of Srimandir as the adopted son was a minor. in 1877, Dibyasingh Deba received the Maharaja title. But some years after he was jailed by the British because of killing a saint. In his absence also Rajmata Suryamani Patamahadei played a vital role in protecting the royal family and the Sevas ( rituals) at Shrimandir. In consultation with advocate Madhusudan Das she fought for the rights of the Puri royal family inthe court.
Mukunda Deba-I acquired the throne of Khurda 1657 at a age of 4 years. during the Subedarship of Azam in Bengal.

He and his allies at different states started rebelling against the Muslim rule . But the Mogul army under Khan-E Duran attacked the Khurda Forte and made Bhramarbar Ray,  the younger Brother of Raja Mukunda Deba as the raja of Khurda. Then Mukunda deba with his allies surrendered before the Muslim Rule on 18th March, 1661.

The Muslim Rules during this period had made a series of Mosques by demolishing traditional Hindu Temples. It is believed that some parts of the Baladevjew temple at Kendrapara was demolished to erect a mosque. Similarly a mosque was also made near Pipili Saddaula Khan, grandson of Mirza Ansari in 1664.

Mukunda Deva died in 17th August 1689 after a long illness at Jajapur. His wife also put herself on fire on the same funeral.

One of the son of Raja , Basudev Sudhaldeb of BamraLal Mohan deb  was adopted by Raja Mukunda deba and he was then installed as the prince of Puri after the death of Rani Suryamani Patamahadei. he was called as Maharaja Ramachandra Deba-IV at puri after investiture ceremony. ( more stories on genealogy page)

In the independent India the Zamindari was abolished in 1952. Puri was part of that also, but to continue the tradition, Jenamani Nilakantha Deba renamed as Birakishore Deba-III . He was was investitured as Gajapati of puri in 1956. He was elected to the Odisha legislative Assembly and acted as the chairman of Jagannath temple managing committee.

After him Kamarnab Deba investitured as the Gajapati Maharaja Dibyasingha Deva-IV in Puri. He is the present designated Maharaja and chairman of Puri temple management.

Royals Family

AUL NILGIRI
ATHMALLICK GANGPUR
PURI PARLAKHEMUNDI

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