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Puri Estate

PuriDynasty: Ganga Vanshi
Emblem:  Chhati and two elephants 
Area: 1528sq miles
Town-1
Villages-1889
Maharaja title: 1817
Ascended: 1956

Location:
Longitude: 19 degree 28 and 20degree 26 inch North and
Latitude: 84 degree 56’ and 86 degree 25’
District Boundary: North and North East by Cuttack,  South East and South by Bay of Bengal, West District of Ganjam, North West Nayagarh, Khandapara, & Ranapur*
Present Status: District HQ of Puri District
Distance from Bhubaneswar: 67 Km ( approx) on NH 316


The Rulers of Odisha

Gajapati Maharajas

Tenure

Remarks

Surya Banshi Emperors

Gajapati  kapilendra Deba   

1435-1467

Kapilendra Deva’s ancestors were served as feudatory chiefs under Eastern Ganga Chiefs. After the death of Bhanugangadeva ( last ruler of Ganga dynasty),  he acquired the throne and ruled over for at least 33 years. He fought against Sultan of Jaunpur Mohamud Shah and Bahmuni Sultan Alladin Ahmmed Shah-II  and won the battle. Kumara Hamvira Deba also defeated the Reddys and the Gajapati kingdom extended  from Midena Pur  in Bengal till Guntur in Andhra. In the meanwhile Gajapati Kapilendra Deva crushed the Bengal Sultan, Ahmed Shah to secure the northern and north western frontiers of the empire.
Kapilendra Deva expanded Jagannath culture through drama and dance. Odishi dance played a pivotal role during his period. He died in 1466.

Gajapati Purusottam Deba

1467-1497

Before the death of Kapilendra, he chooses his youngest son Purussottam Deva as his heir but Hamvira Deva rebelled against him. Purusottam has to fight against his brothers in 1472.

He was a great warrior, the Kanchi expedition and affairs with Rupambika is remembered when the topic of Gajapati Purusottama is discussed.

Gajapati Prataprundra Deba

1497-1540

Purusottam deva was succeeded by Prataprudra Deva in 1497 and he ruled over Utkal till 1540. Though the Muslims in Bengal has knocked and warned the reign of Odisha, Prataprudra Deva was unaware about it. so disturbances grew up in Odisha.
He was a great admirer of Srichaitnya. Srichaitanya visited Puri during his reign and started Bhakti movement. This has spoiled the war policy and downed the morale of paikas of Odisha. After the death of PratapRudra Deba, the Gajapati empire rapidly declined.
He had two sons and 1 daughter.  Tukdha was his only daughter and Kakharua and Kalua were sons. Though they hold the degnated Gajapati throne but could not make them excelled. So their minister Gobinda Vidyadhar killed them very skillfully and occupied the throne.
It is alleged that Kakharua Deba was put to death by Govinda Vidyadhar after 1 and half years of his reign while plaing Hingidi ( a game like Polo). Kakharua's Brother Kalua Deba then made the king but he was murdered with in 3 months and the throne was seized by Govinda Vidyadhar.

Bhoi Banshi

 

 

Gobinda Bidyadhar

1542-1549

Minister under Gajapati Prataprudra Deba, seized the throne in 1542.

Chakra Pratap

1549-1557

Son of Gobinda Bidyadhar

Narasingha Jena

1557-1558

Son of Chakrapratap

Chalukya Vansha

Tailinga Mukunda Deba   

1560-1568

Cuttack general and forte guard Mukunda Harichandan killed Narasigha Jena inside the forte and acquired the throne.

Rajas of Khurda ( Bhoi Banshi)

Ramachandra Deba-I

1568-1607

Ramachandra Deba was the son of Janarddan Bidyadhar and belonged to Bhoi dynasty.  At Cuttack Janarddan allias Janai Bidyadhar was  known as a patriot and influential Minister under the Surya Banshi Gajapatis. He was sent to South by the Gobinda Bidyadhar and Chakra Pratap to save the territory from the attack of Golkonda Sultan afer the fall of Gajapati ruling. The main aim was to keep away him from the capital.
Tailinga Mukunda Deba also believed him as the main threat and  put Janai Bidyadhar and his son Ramachandra Deba under custody at cuttack and Rajmahendra  respectively.
After the fall of Mukunda at Cuttack Ramachandra freed from Jail and established his capital at Gotami. After 3 years Ramachandra settled at Khurda. He was the first to built this forte beneath Barunei Hill and started ruling under the Afghan Rulers at Bengal and Cuttack. The officers of Prataprudra deba also supported Ramachandra Deba at Khurda so he won the heart of native people.
Then he tried to bring back the Brahmas being worshipped at Kujanga Garh by Bishar Mohanty after the Kalapahar (afghan) attack (1568) on Srimandir.
When Daudkhan was killed ny the Mughols in 12th July 1576, Ramachandra Deba freed himself from the Afghan rule and maintained a healthy relationship with Moghuls. then after he re installed the idols at Purusottam Puri.

Purusottama Deba

1607-1622

A passionate lover of Jagannath and the most suffered ruler of Odisha. he faced the attack of Kesudas Maaru , Kalyan Malla, Subedar Makram Khan, Ahmmed Begh, during his 21 years of administration. To save his life and Lord Jagannath most of the time he stayed outside the Garh and fought bravely. But the Muslim rules with great military arrangements made the Rajah to have pacts by offering huge money, gold and other belongings. Some historians have sited that Purusottam Deba had also offered his sister and daughter to Keshudas and the emperor to have peace.
Kesudas's attack was ever remembered as he entered into the temple with Hindu Rajputs in the absence of Purusottam Deba at Puri. He ransacked the temple and looted much.
Purusottam died at Garh Manotri.

Narasingha Deba

1622-1647

He had faced the Moghul Army and Sahzahan's attack at Odisha, He also managed to save Jagannath by shifting the idols to Garh Manotri. During war with Babar Khan, he was slewed by Mustaq Khan. 

Balabhadra Deba

1648-1659

When Mustaqad Khan was the Subadar slewed Narasingha Deba of Bhoi dynasty and made his nephew Gangadhar Ray as the rajah of Khurda. Balabhadra deba the elder brother of the slain became Raja after killing Gangadhar with the help of his officials. Balabhadra ruled here for 10 years under 5 Subedars of Bengal and died in 1656.

Mukunda Deba-I

1657-1689

He was a heir of the Bhoi dynasty and no relationship with Tailinga Mukunda Deba of Chalukya Dynasty. So he was known as the 1st Mukunda Deba in Khurda History. He succeded the throne in 1657 at a age of 4 years. during the Subedarship of Azam in Bengal.
He and his allies at different states started rebelling against the Muslim rule . But the Moguld army under Khan-E Duran attacked the Khurda Forte and made Bhramarbar Ray,  the younger Brother of Raja Mukunda Deba as the raja of Khurda. Then Mukunda deba with his allies surrendered before the Muslim Rule on 18th March, 1661.
The Muslim Rules during this period had made a series of Mosques by demolishing traditional Hindu Temples. It is believed that some parts of the Baladevjew temple at Kendrapara was demolished to erect a mosque. Similarly a mosque was also made near Pipili Saddaula Khan, grandson of Mirza Ansari in 1664.
Mukunda Deva died in 17th August 1689 after a long illness at Jajapur. His wife also put herself on fire on the same funeral. 

Dibyasingha deva-I

1689-1716

Dibyasingha Deba, elder son of Mukunda Deba acquired the throne in principle on 22 Nov, 1688. The investiture ceremony was held at  Rathipur Garh near Khurda Forte.
During his period Samrat Aurangzeb attacked Shri Jagannath Temple and stood on the holy abode of Jagannath May12,1692. Before this attack Raja DibyaSingha Deba had shifted the idols to Banapur and made dummy idols to show.
After Ekram Khan, peace returned to Puri. Dibyasingha Deba brought back the idols and started the rituals as usual.
He ruled from Khurdafor 27 years 5months and 2 days and  died on 28th April 1716.

Harekrushna Deba

1716-1720

Harekrushna Deva was the younger brother of Dibyasingha Deba-I acquire the title in in 1714. He tried to renovate the Jagannath temple and settled one Brahmin Village named Harekrushnapur Sashana near Puri. died in 17 March 1720.

Gopinath Deba           

1720-1727

Gopinath Deba was the 7th heir of Khurda. ruled here from 1720-1727 and killed in his palace. Historian KedarNath Rajguru explained this according to the Madala Panji that, Some Sayed Begh, Khoja Krushna Narendra and Benu Bhramarabar Ray jointly killed him inside the palace after 15 days of his return from Ichhapuram.
History academician and Lecturer Janmejay Chaudhury explained the death of Raja Gopinath due to his ill character. He was attracted to the Rani Sukadei of Banki and attacked Banki Palace. Killed the Raja of Banki and acquired some Praganas also. but Rani Sukadei bravely faced Gopinath and put him in captive. After some days he was relieved and allowed to went away from Banki.
Then in another incident Raja Gopinath wanted to marry the daughter of Ranapur. He mis behaved her during her visit to Puri with Ranpur Narendra. To take revenge of this incident Ranapur Raja with his forces attacked the Raja and killed him inside the palace in 1726.

Ramachandra Deba-II
Queen: Lalita Patamahadei & Beghum Rezia ( queen Sureya)

1727-1736

 His earlier name was Keshab Ray and he was the younger brother of Raja Gopinath Deba. After coronation he was renamed as Raja Ramachandra Deva-II at Khurda.
He was the most misfortunate Rajah at Khurda Garh. History witnessed his  capture by the Moghul Naib Nazim Taki Khan at Cuttack. he had attacjed Khurda twice in his regime and killed at Rajguru Parama Laksmi at the same Cuttack Barabati forte.
At the Prison in Cuttack, Ramachandra Deba-II fall in love with the daughter of Murshid KuliKhan and Married her. After marriage Rezia was named as Suryamani Debi, and he was turned as Hafiz kadar. But no where he has used this Muslim name.
Though he was a Jagannath Lover and tried may times to protect the idols from this Muslim attack by shifting the idols to unknown places but people of Puri and Khurda didnot accept him So he stayed in asylum at Narasighpur with Begham Rezia. His first wife Lalita Patamahadei's son Krushna Ray Jena was designated as the Rajah of Khurda as Birkishore Deba after three years of disturbance.

Padmanabh Deba

1736-1739
(03 may1736 to 30th April 1739)

Padmanabha Deba was one of the descendant of the Tailinga Mukunda Deba. Who's ancestors had demanded as the real heir of Khurda. But that dispute was settled by Raja Maan Singh and TodarMal and they were assigned to collect revenue from the Patia Zagir.
After suicide of Ramachandra Deba and Begham Sureya in Narasighapur Palace, Minister of Murshhed Kuli Khan at Cuttack  Mir Habib appointed the Patia Raja Padmanabh Deba as the Rajah of  Khurda. But he was not accepted by the influential people of puri and he had to left Khurda in 1793.

Birakishore Deba

1739-1793

Birkishore, son of Raja Ramachandra Deba-II was debarred to access the throne of Khurda in 1736, after his father's death in Barabati Forte. Padmanabh Deba, Raja of Patia was installed on the khurda Gaadi by Mir Habib. Birkishore took asylum of Ghumsar state. with the help othe Ghumsar and other feudatory chiefs of Odisha he prepared himself to attack Khurdain 1739. During this period the citizens of Khurda also didnt like Padma nabh deba and support the arrival of Birkishore. considering the appeal and interest of the Khurda natives Murshid Khan the Naib Najim of Odisha sent his representative Mukhalas Ali khan to receive Birkishore at Angul. And then he was installed at Khurda in 1739.
Later Birkishore had helped Murshid Ali Khan and his brother in law Mir Habib to fight against Marathas. He had also helped guarded the escape of Murshid's Rani Durdan Begam, daughter Yaha Khan to Ichhapuram.
During his rule in 1751, Marathas occupied Odisha after making treaty with Alibardhi khan. Birkishore had also helped Marathas in their arrival to Odisha.
Raja of Parala Khemundi Jagannath Narayan dev attacked Khurda in 1760. Birkishore took help of Maratha Subedar Seobhat Sathe and thrown away Jagannath Narayan gajapati.
Birkishore became mad during the rule of Subedar Rajaraj Pandit and killed all his four sons. This has created chaos all over. Rajaraj captured and put hin in custody at Cuttack. He installed Dibyasingha deba his grandson at khurda as the raja, who was signed a treaty to pay Rs.10,000 peskas.

Dibyasingha Deba-II

1793-1798

He made the Khurda ghaati Garh beneath the Barunei Hill, surrounded it with a series of fortes. He erected the Arun Pillar in front of Shrimandir. It was brought from Konark Surya Temple. He helped in renovation of Shrijagannath temple. Started Jhulan ritual. Built a new room for the idols of Aadiguri Shankaracharya and his disciple Padmacharya named as Dakshina Ghara. Before him these idols were worshipped on the abode of Lord Jagannath along with him. 

Mukunda Deba-II

1798-1817

Mukunda Deva fought a lot to save his motherland from the foreigners. Jai Rajguru, Boxi Jagabandhu, Diwan Krishna Chandra Bhramarbar Ray helped him in this revolution. But the English commanders captured the Raja and kept him in Barabati Forte as a prisoner. There he died in 1817. The English confiscated the forte of Khurda. He was the last King of Khurda.

Ramachandra Deba-III           

1817-1855

British administration allwoed him to only perform as one of the Sevayats of Puri Mandir and also entrusted the responsibility of for managing Shri Jagannath temple as Superintendent. After the death of his father at Barabati fort in the custody of English command, he was sworn in as the Raja of Khurda. But the British Govt confiscated Khurda forte and allowed the King to live in Puri. He built a palace at Balisahi Puri and left Khurda to save his life and dignity.

Birakishore Deba-III

1856-1859

He has ruled only for 3 years. He died after long illness. He married to the daughter of Sonepur Royal family.

Dibyasingha Deba-III

1859-1882

He was a son of Sanakhemundi and adopted by Birakishore Deba and Suryamani Patamahadei according to the British rule. In 1877 he was entitled the title of Maharaja by the British Govt. But was sentenced to jail in 1878 and died in custody. 

Mukunda Deba-III

1882-1926

His earlier name was Jagannath Jenamani. He was invesitured in minor when his father Dibyasingha deva-III sent to British custody at Andaman. Rajamata Surjyamani Pattamahadei managed all the acts of the raja of Puri on his behalf.

Ramachandra Deba-IV

1926-1956

Ramachandra Deba's earlier name was Lalmohan Deba, he was a Ganga Banshi heir of Bamanda Raja Sir Basudeb Sudhal Deba. Ascended the Puri throne on 14th February 1926 and named as RamaChandra Deba-IV. India got independence during his period.

Birkishore Deba-IV

1956-1970

Birakishore Deba was politically empowered in Odisha as a member of Odisha Legislative Assembly. He is the first Maharaja who ascended the throne without any ruling power. Even the Srimadir management was also withdrawn from his purview by the enactment of Sri Jagannath Temple Act 1954 during his father's rule. He approached the HC after his father but could not succeed. 

Dibyasinga deba-IV

1970-till date

Earlier known as Kamarnab Deb is the eldest son of BirkishoreDev-III. He is a law Post Graduate from USA. married to Maharani sahiba Leelavati Patamahadei; they have three daughters. He is staying at Saheed Nagar Bhubaneswar and visits puri to perform the dedicated rituals of Gajapati Maharaja at Shrimandir.

Royals Family

AUL NILGIRI
ATHMALLICK GANGPUR
PURI PARLAKHEMUNDI

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